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Mesothelioma Symptoms

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The first symptoms of mesothelioma include abdominal pain or chest pain, bloating and shortness of breath, depending on the location of the cancer. Many of the early symptoms of mesothelioma are more likely to be caused by other conditions, so people initially ignore them or consider them to be everyday, minor ailments. Most people with mesothelioma have symptoms for at least several months before being diagnosed. The symptoms of mesothelioma can be a dry cough that does not disappear, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, tiredness and abdominal pain.

The symptoms may vary depending on the type of asbestos that causes them, and may be vague and mild, even if the disease progresses at a later date. The first symptoms of mesothelioma may be so mild that they are mistaken for pain and discomfort or the signs of other common diseases.

Mesothelioma Symptoms

The symptoms of advanced mesothelioma can be chest pain, weight loss, sweating, malaise and respiratory disease. These symptoms occur when the tumor grows into the surrounding tissues and organs, or fluid accumulates around the lungs (pleural effusion) or in the abdomen (ascites). In patients with mesothelioma, the symptoms of this disease are usually detectable only 20 or 50 years after their exposure to asbestos.

The fibers that settle in the membrane that surrounds the internal organs, the mesothelium, are usually present for many decades until the cancer develops. These fibers gradually accumulate until they heal, causing inflammation and later cancer. Although most fibers have reached the body through inhalation, the material may also have been incorporated by ingestion. Initially, the symptoms are mild and can not be noticed by the patient as they are not alarming. However, as cancer spreads, these symptoms become more severe and debilitating.

Most Common Symptoms of Mesothelioma

The symptoms of mesothelioma play an important role in the overall message of this condition and its treatment. They are at the heart of what makes mesothelioma difficult to treat and almost impossible to cure. Mesothelioma symptoms are often ignored because they only seem to be serious in an emergency. It may take a long time for mesothelioma to develop, and symptoms of the disease often do not appear until the cancer has progressed to a later stage. Early signs of mesothelioma can easily be confused with normal, everyday ailments, so early symptoms are often ignored, rejected, or misdiagnosed.

Some mesothelioma warning signs are consistent with those of other cancers, such as loss of appetite and weight loss. However, the symptoms of various types of cancers related to asbestos are much more specific.

Since the first signs are very vague, it may take 20 to 50 years after exposure to asbestos until a person notices the symptoms. The majority of people suffering from mesothelioma (of any subtype) are in the advanced stage (III or IV).

When signs of the cancer start to arise, the most common mesothelioma symptoms include:

  • Dry cough or wheezing
  • Shortness of breath (dyspnoea)
  • Complications of the respiratory tract
  • Pain in the chest or abdomen
  • Fever or night sweats
  • Pleural effusion (fluid around the lungs)
  • Fatigue
  • muscle weakness
Informing your family doctor about any history of asbestos exposure and looking for cancer screening may result in a diagnosis that is earlier than normal, and a much better chance of life-prolonging therapy. Most early mesothelioma diagnoses are made accidentally by x-rays or blood tests. If someone recognizes warning signs, the cancer has often spread, which makes the treatment of doctors more difficult.

Consult a doctor as soon as possible

As a result of this slow evolution and latency between exposure to asbestos and the onset of cancer, in many cases, the first symptoms of mesothelioma go unnoticed. In addition, because these symptoms are similar to the symptoms associated with other, less serious illnesses, there are often delays in finding mesothelioma treatment. The, unfortunately, this delay can limit treatment options and their effectiveness. Therefore, for those who believe that they have been exposed to asbestos, it is essential to seek medical advice, even if the symptoms have not appeared.

In many cases, it is recommended to know a second opinion because mesothelioma is often misdiagnosed. Find out about the stage of the cancer or to find out what type of cancer it is. It is a task that can make false diagnoses and require physicians to seek a second opinion. The diagnosis of stage 3 mesothelioma, when it is indeed stage 2 mesothelioma, is a big difference, especially as the treatments and prognosis between the different mesothelioma stages can vary considerably.

After diagnosis, some important steps must be taken for the onset of mesothelioma. These steps can be the difference between quickly halting a disease and maintaining a good standard of living in fighting the disease. Even if symptoms appear trivial, it is important to consult your doctor immediately, especially if you have been exposed to asbestos in the past.

First symptoms

The first mesothelioma symptoms are usually not noticed by the patients. Therefore, a late diagnosis is made. Therefore, it is essential for those who have been exposed to asbestos to undergo regular medical examinations that can help them detect latent symptoms of mesothelioma development. People who have been exposed to asbestos for a long time should pay more attention to this risk, as the intensity and timing of exposure are closely related to the development of this disease.

Often the mesothelioma symptoms are similar to those of other diseases or physical ailments such as feverish processes, heart problems, emphysema or colds. These symptoms include limited breathing, constant chest pain, coughing, nocturnal sweating, weight loss, but fluid retention, bowel obstruction, swelling of the feet, and fluid accumulation on a chest X-ray. This last symptomatology is known as pleural effusion.

Common Symptoms by Type of Mesothelioma

Depending on the location in the body, there are different types of mesotheliomas. The most common categorization for mesothelioma is the location in the body where the tumor originated. For example, in a pleural mesothelioma, the form of the cancer that affects the lining of the lung affects the respiratory system and respiratory system, while for the peritoneal mesothelioma it is related to the stomach and digestive system. While some symptoms are common to all types of disease, the mesothelioma symptoms depend heavily on the location of mesothelioma tumors in the body.

What is a pleural effusion?

One of the mesothelioma symptoms is an increase in fluid between the parietal pleura and the visceral pleura. This increase is called pleural effusion. These membranes are coated with mesothelioma cells that generally secrete a fluid that lubricates and protects the space between the chest wall and the lungs. In a healthy body, an excess of fluid is absorbed into the bloodstream and into the lymph nodes to prevent accumulation of fluid. Conversely, in the case of health problems such as mesothelioma, if there is too much fluid in this area, it will not be absorbed and a so-called pleural effusion will occur. There are two types of pleural effusions.

The type of pleural effusion known as exudate is also a sign of mesothelioma. This effusion is characterized by having a more diffuse color and being formed by cells, proteins and other fluids reminiscent of diseased pleura. In order to distinguish between these two types of pleural effusions, it is necessary to take a sample of the fluids.

Excess liquid removal can be accomplished by a simple procedure that requires only local anesthesia. This method, known as pleurodesis, is accomplished by injecting talc into the fluid in the lungs. According to the American Cancer Society, this substance causes irritation to the membranes, causing them to catch fire and adhere to each other. Once this adhesion is established, the space is removed and the area becomes impermeable to the liquid.

Another method, known as pleurocentesis, is a simple procedure that lasts no more than 30 minutes. During this procedure, a long needle is injected through the thoracic cavity into the lungs and excess fluid is released from the lungs.

Pleural Mesothelioma Symptoms

The symptoms of a pleural mesothelioma include chest pain, shortness of breath, decreased chest stretch, weak or strong breath sounds, dry cough, wheezing and pleural effusions.

The pleura is the mesothelium that protects and deadens the lungs. The inner layer (pleura visceralis) covers the lungs. The outer layer (parietal pleura) draws the inner wall of the breast. Between the two layers (pleural space) is a small amount of fluid (pleural fluid). The pleural fluid helps to slip over the layers while breathing.

The pleural mesothelioma begins in the pleura. As the cancer cells grow, the thicker membranes compress the lungs. Sometimes there is too much fluid between the two pleural layers. This is called pleural effusion. To changes in the pleura or pleural fluid can make breathing difficult. Most patients are diagnosed only when the mesothelioma is in stage 3 or 4, as the symptoms may remain hidden. Earlier cancer is detected, the better the prognosis.

Common pleural mesothelioma symptoms can include:

  • Faint or harsh breathing
  • Dry cough or wheezing
  • Pleural effusions
  • Coughing up blood
  • Body aches
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Chest pains
  • Shortness of breath
  • Reduced chest expansion
The symptoms of pleural mesothelioma come from the chest. Pleural effusions (fluid around the lungs) make breathing difficult and cause chronic chest pain. This is the type of mesothelioma that attacks the pleura, the tissue lining that surrounds the lungs. It is the most common form of mesothelioma and the type most closely associated with asbestos exposure.

Some of the common, early symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include chest pain, wheezing, wheezing, coughing, and pleural effusion. Pleural effusion occurs when fluid accumulates between the two pleural layers. This is a mesothelioma symptom, but also causes symptoms such as pain when breathing.

The most common form of mesothelioma, pleural mesothelioma, develops in the linings of the lungs, accounting for about 75 percent of all cases. The symptoms of pleural mesothelioma often affect the respiratory and thoracic cavities and can often be used in problems with other diseases such as pneumonia, influenza, or even lung cancer. Treating symptoms as they develop can improve medical outcomes. When symptoms are quickly recognized and treated, patients often benefit from a higher quality of life and can live longer if symptoms and cancer are controlled earlier.

LEARN MORE ABOUT PLEURAL MESOTHELIOMA

Peritoneal Mesothelioma Symptoms

Peritoneal mesothelioma, which develops in the mucous membrane around the abdominal cavity, accounts for 20% of cases and is associated with loss of appetite, which often results in weight loss, abdominal distension, pelvic mass, and abdominal discomfort. The symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma begin in the abdomen. Ascites (fluid in the abdomen) causes pain and fatigue, often confused with gas or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

The peritoneum is the mesothelium that protects and cushions the abdominal organs such as the liver, stomach and intestines. The inner layer covers the abdominal organs. The outer layer covers the abdominal wall. Between the two layers is a small amount of liquid (peritoneal fluid). The peritoneal fluid helps the organs to move gently in the abdomen. Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma are caused by tumors that develop in the peritoneum and protect the abdominal organs. As the tumors grow, the surrounding abdominal tissues become inflamed.

Other signs of peritoneal mesothelioma may be stomach pain, abdominal swelling, pain, bloating and tiredness. A recent study has shown that 77% of people with this type of cancer build up abdominal fluid (ascites). Intestinal obstruction is another warning sign that may indicate the progression of tumors beyond the original site.

Doctors may provide chemotherapeutic agents that shrink peritoneal mesothelioma tumors and slow down the growth and spread of cancer. It can be given before, during or after the operation. In some cases, the doctors offer chemotherapy as the only treatment option. Chemotherapeutic agents considered useful for treatment include pemetrexed, cisplatin, carboplatin, and gemcitabine. 

Peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms may include:

  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal distention
  • Hernias
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feeling of fullness
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal fluid buildup
  • Bowel obstruction
The abdominal wall is known as peritoneum, and here develops a peritoneal mesothelioma, which accounts for about a quarter of mesothelioma cases. Since the abdomen contains many different organs, the mesothelioma symptoms can vary considerably depending on where tumors in the abdomen occur and which organs can be affected. Symptoms such as loss of appetite, swelling, and abdominal pain can often be confused with disorders related to certain organs or systemic problems rather than mesothelioma.

Doctors now see extraordinary results with HIPEC. After experimental treatment, HIPEC begins surgery to remove all visible tumors from the patient's peritoneum. Next, the doctors will present a heated saltwater solution containing chemotherapeutic agents.

The symptoms of a pleural mesothelioma are usually a result of the thickening of the membrane lining the abdomen, which is caused by the rapid growth of cancer cells. This rapid production of cells often results in an accumulation of fluid that is in the membrane in this area, which presses on the abdomen and causes the above mesothelioma symptoms.

A machine pumps the drug into the abdomen of the patient. This helps to destroy any cancer cells left behind after surgery. Nearly half of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma carcinoma who receive HIPEC may live at least five years after diagnosis.

LEARN MORE ABOUT PERITONEAL MESOTHELIOMA

Pericardial Mesothelioma Symptoms

This form of cancer associated with asbestos develops in the lining of the heart and is one of the rarest types of the disease. The symptoms are similar to those of pleural mesothelioma and include respiratory distress and chest pain. They come from the thickening of the pericardium, the membrane that covers the heart. This type of mesothelioma also causes chest pain in the heart. In the protective bag, which lines the heart, liquid forms, whereby the heart works stronger.

Some groups of people are at higher risk for mesothelioma than others because they are regularly exposed to asbestos. The risk groups include factory workers, miners, construction workers and military veterans. Not very common in mesothelioma is the pericardial mesothelioma. This is the form of cancer that develops in the lining of the heart, the pericardium.

Like the mesothelium around the lungs and abdominal cavity, the pericardium may swell or naturally thicken as a result of tumors. This is the main cause of symptoms, which in turn can be confused with other health conditions.

If you are belong to one of these high-risk groups or have been exposed to asbestos in the past, learn more about the mesothelioma symptoms and how they develop by receiving our free help guide today. Pericardial mesothelioma can cause many of the same symptoms as pleural mesothelioma, including shortness of breath, shortness of breath and chest pain.

These are the most common symptoms of this form of mesothelioma, but patients may also experience fatigue and fever, shortness of breath, aggravated when lying on their back, palpitations and heart sounds.

pericardial mesothelioma symptoms have included:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pains
  • Heart palpitations
  • Heart murmurs
  • Fever or night sweats
  • Fatigue
Pericardial mesothelioma symptoms occur when tumors form in the pericardium that protects the heart. As pericardial tumors grow, the pericardial layers thicken in response to inflammation. Because this form of mesothelioma rarely affects patients. Their symptoms are not well known, making diagnosis difficult. The difficulty of diagnosis makes the treatment of this disease particularly difficult. This usually means a worse diagnosis than other types of mesotheliomas.

Pericardial thickening causes a constriction of the heart muscle, which impairs its functionality. Constriction of the heart also causes respiratory symptoms. This form of the cancer related to asbestos develops in the lining around the heart. It is one of rarest types of the disease. Symptoms include respiratory distress and chest pain. They are due to the thickening of the pericardium, the lining around the heart.

LEARN MORE ABOUT PERICARDIAL MESOTHELIOMA

Testicular Mesothelioma Symptoms

A nodule in the testicles is the only consistent sign of this type of mesothelioma, the rarest of all species. Less than 1% of all mesotheliomas. Since in 1950, less than 100 cases of this type of mesothelioma have been registered. That's why it's an extremely rare type. Precisely because of this rare phenomenon, his symptoms remain eternally unknown. Nowadays, the only symptom seen in testicular mesothelioma is the appearance of lumps in the testicle area and swelling in the scrotum.

Often, the tumor in the testes only cumbersome when the patient is operated on for a cause other than hernia. Testicular mesothelioma is the rarest type of cancer, with only about 100 cases reported. There is no comprehensive list of mesothelioma symptoms, as it is rare even for a rare cancer. What causes a patient ultimately to get the diagnosis of a testicular mesothelioma is usually referred to as hydrocele. This is the build up of fluid between the layers of mesothelium in the scrotum.

Testicular mesothelioma symptoms such as:

  • Hydrocele (fluid in the scrotum)
  • Swollen testicles
  • Lump in scrotum
  • Testicular pain
Testicular mesothelioma symptoms occur when tumors form in the tunica vaginalis. If tumors in the affected testis metastasize (spread), this can lead to inflammation and pain. A testicular lump is the most common sign of testicular mesothelioma - the rarest of all types. It accounts for less than 1 percent of all cases of mesothelioma.

LEARN MORE ABOUT TESTICULAR MESOTHELIOMA

Other Types of Cancer

A common misdiagnosis for any type of mesothelioma is cancer of a different kind. This is because mesothelioma is rare, but also because the symptoms mimic those of other cancers. For example, a pleural mesothelioma is often misdiagnosed as lung cancer. Both can be caused by asbestos to exposure and both cause similar symptoms. Peritoneal mesothelioma can also be misdiagnosed as gastric cancer, while testicular mesothelioma can be misdiagnosed as testicular cancer.

Since the symptoms are often similar to other cancers and mesotheliomas are rare, a misdiagnosis of cancer is not uncommon. The only way to really know if a tumor is caused by mesothelioma, unlike lung cancer or another type of cancer, is biopsy, followed by examination of cells under a microscope or with immunohistochemical stains. However, even these diagnostic steps are not foolproof, and mesothelioma can still be misdiagnosed.

What Causes Mesothelioma Pain?

In many mesothelioma patients, nonspecific pain is the primary symptom of this disease. It is important for patients to maintain a good quality of life so that they can be better prepared for treatment. Since pain is such a common symptom of mesothelioma patients, it is helpful to understand exactly what causes the pain.

In general, mesothelioma tumors cause considerable pain as they continue to grow. Although patients may have different levels of pain, tumor growth can generally be very painful. Additional pain symptoms are caused by fluid accumulation in the peritoneum or pleura. Fluid retention causes these parts to contract, making breathing and moving the airways painful. Palliative surgery can relieve this pain by draining the fluid regularly.

What If You Have Symptoms of Mesothelioma?

If your body shows signs of a condition, it's best not to ignore it, whether you have a rare condition like mesothelioma or a common condition like the flu. This is especially true if you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, abdominal pain or chest pain that may indicate a mesothelioma or other serious illness. Develop a comprehensive plan

If your doctor thinks you may be suffering from mesothelioma, you will usually be referred to an oncologist, a type of doctor who specializes in cancer diagnosis and treatment. (As most cases of mesothelioma affect the lining of the lungs, it is usually a thoracic oncologist.)

Your oncologist will perform a series of diagnostic tests that include imaging, blood tests, or biopsies to determine if you have a mesothelioma or any other form of cancer. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the oncologist will work out a treatment plan with you and your family doctor.

Mesothelioma Symptoms

In such cases, you should first talk to your family doctor. Explain to your doctor in as much detail as possible the symptoms you are experiencing without omitting anything. The more information your doctor has, the better he can diagnose the problem or refer you to a specialist. However, the most important thing is not to ignore the symptoms that you may experience.

Mesothelioma has a worse prognosis, and the best you can do to improve this prognosis is to recognize it early on. This may be the only way to tell your doctor about any symptoms as soon as you experience them.

Symptoms and the Latency Period

Mesothelioma latency is defined as the time between the first exposure to asbestos and the diagnosis of cancer. It is characteristically long for mesotheliomas, partly because of the symptoms. Since the symptoms are initially minor and imitate other conditions, the diagnosis is often delayed. The latency period for mesothelioma averages two to three decades, but can be up to 50 years.

Benign Mesothelioma

The symptoms of the benign mesothelioma are similar to the early symptoms of malignant mesothelioma. There may be respiratory distress, pleural effusion, and chest pain in the pleura, as well as malignant pleural mesothelioma. In peritoneum it can cause indigestion, swelling and loss of appetite. The larger the tumor, the worse the symptoms may be, although surgery usually relieves all symptoms and heals the condition.

Mesothelioma is almost always malignant, meaning that it has the potential to spread and invade tissues and organs outside of their origin in the body. Benign Mesothelioma is very rare but possible. It is unrelated to exposure to asbestos and may begin with a tumor in any area of the mesothelium. The tumor can become very large and can be surgically removed, but it can also recur after surgery.

What to Do if You Exhibit Signs of Mesothelioma

Anyone known to have extensive asbestos exposure should be concerned about asbestos-related diseases, particularly mesothelioma. If you have worked with asbestos in the past or know that asbestos was used at home or at school, you should take the time to learn about the various symptoms and warning signs of mesothelioma.

The most important symptoms not to ignore are:

  • Chronic, painful cough
  • Abdominal or chest swelling
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Fever and sweating
  • Pleural effusions
If you have any of these important mesothelioma warning signs, contact your doctor immediately. Be sure to tell your doctor when and how you were exposed to asbestos. General practitioners who suspect a malignancy (cancer), you can refer to an oncologist. It is important to ask for referrals to a mesothelioma specialist - physicians who have the expertise to accurately diagnose and treat mesothelioma.

Symptoms of Metastasis

The metastasis, the invasion of new tissues and organs by the cancerous cells, can begin first in stage III of the mesothelioma. When the tumor metastasizes, the symptoms usually become severe. Chest pain, pleural effusion, shortness of breath and other signs get worse. The symptoms can also change depending on where the cancer spreads.

If the pleural mesothelioma metastasizes, it can spread to the lymph nodes, the pericardium and the peritoneum, the diaphragm, the chest wall and the lungs. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, tiredness and fever. Peritoneal mesothelioma can spread to the intestine, liver, spleen, stomach, and other abdominal organs, causing more related, more severe symptoms.

Early Detection of Symptoms is Important

It is extremely important that you, knowing that you have been exposed to asbestos, inform yourself about these symptoms and inform your doctor about your professional or environmental history. Since only a few physicians have been exposed to mesotheliomas, they can easily be overlooked, and this is a big part of the problem of treating this difficult disease. Time is of the utmost importance. Knowing the symptoms of the disease can give you valuable treatment time.

If you suspect that you have received a misdiagnosis, do not be afraid to seek a second opinion. Not only will a good doctor have nothing against it, it will also encourage you to take the steps you need to feel better. A second opinion for such a serious and easily diagnosed disease as mesothelioma makes sense only.

It is also a good idea to bring your concerns to a specialist. Mesothelioma is a highly specialized cancer. Most doctors, even oncologists, have little to no experience with the diagnosis or treatment. Especially if you have the risk factors for mesothelioma, if you have symptoms that affect you, find a specialist in this type of cancer or a cancer center that employs experts in mesothelioma.

Risk factors of mesothelioma

The main risk factor for the treatment of mesothelioma is asbestos exposure. Mesothelioma affects men 5 times more than women. This is probably due to the fact that men are more exposed to asbestos at work. Mesotheliomas are uncommon in people under 50 years old. The incidence increases with age as it is a cancer that occurs many years after exposure to risk factors.

Asbestos

The most significant and common risk factor for mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos, a substance that is widely used in building materials and in many industries. Asbestos is the name of a mineral that occurs naturally and can be separated into long thin fibers. The asbestos fibers are very thin. When inhaled, they can reach the smaller airways of the lung and mesothelium.

The fibers enter the lungs and settle in the pleura, where they eventually cause a pleural mesothelioma. When coughing and swallowing, asbestos fibers can also be laid in the peritoneum. This is probably the cause of peritoneal mesothelioma.
In relationship between asbestos and mesothelioma was discovered many years ago. Most people with mesothelioma have been exposed to asbestos in the past. Mesothelioma have a long latency period, which means that it usually develops 15 to 40 years or more after exposure to asbestos. There are two types of asbestos exposure: direct and indirect.

Direct asbestos exposure affects people who come into direct contact with asbestos. These may include workers in asbestos mines, asbestos producers or products based on asbestos, construction workers, carpenters, painters, people living near an asbestos factory, and people working in buildings where asbestos was present.

Indirect exposure to asbestos affects persons who otherwise come into contact with asbestos. They may be family members of the workers who came home with clothes full of asbestos fibers, people living near a mine exposed to asbestos in the dust, and so on. The more asbestos and the more time the person was in the vicinity The more likely it is to get this type of cancer. If you suspect that this material is present at your home, please remove it from experts. When working with asbestos, take the prescribed safety precautions to limit your exposure.

Erionite

Erionite is a human carcinogen associated with the development of a pleural mesothelioma and peritoneal mesothelioma. This is a mineral of natural origin that belongs to a group of minerals called zeolites. The zeolites are chemically related to asbestos, and erionite fibers are similar to asbestos. Erionite is common in some parts of Turkey. In these regions, materials made with erionite are used. In these areas, the incidence of this cancer is much higher.

Ionizing radiation

The risk of mesothelioma increases in persons exposed to radiation. People who have been treated with thoracic or abdominal radiotherapy to treat lymphoma. The breast cancer, lung cancer or other cancers have an increased risk of mesothelioma. Although the risk of mesothelioma is higher in patients who have been treated with radiotherapy. Mesothelioma probably occurs only in a very small number of these people.

Other risk factors

There are reports linking mesotheliomas to thorium dioxide, a contrast agent that has been used for imaging tests but is no longer used. Researchers are studying simian virus 40 (SV40 papovirus) as a potential risk factor for mesothelioma. Some studies indicate that SV40 infection may increase the risk of developing mesothelioma.

Between in 1955 and 1963, some polio vaccines were contaminated with this virus. This may have contributed to some cases of mesothelioma symptoms. It is believed that co-factoring with asbestos, SV40 can cause mesothelioma.

It is not known if there is a genetic predisposition (a congenital increase in the risk of developing the disease). However, it is known that smoking is not a risk factor for mesotheliomas.

Diagnosis and tests for mesothelioma

Diagnosis is the process by which the cause of a health problem is determined. Mesothelioma diagnostic tests are performed if symptoms of mesothelioma are present or if you suspect you have this condition.

Many of the tests used to diagnose cancer are also used initially to determine the stage of cancer (how far the cancer has progressed). The tests may include the following: medical history and physical examination, x-rays, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance, biopsy, endoscopic procedures.

Clinic history

The history is a record of current symptoms, risk factors, and any medical events and problems you have had in the past. Anamnesis of a person's family can also help the doctor diagnose a mesothelioma. In the medical history, the doctor will ask you questions about your personal asbestos exposure. If you are live with someone who works with asbestos. If you have received treatment with chest or abdominal irradiation and have signs and symptoms suggestive of mesothelioma.

Physical exam

During a physical examination, the doctor can examine the lung hearing with a stethoscope. Touch the chest to hear the sounds of percussion and watch the movement of the chest while breathing. Check the face and neck to see if there is any swelling and feel the stomach for tumor masses. And the lymph nodes feel to see if there is adenopathy (ie, if they are inflamed).

X-rays

X-rays of the thorax may cause lung problems, such as: B. Thickening of the pleura or fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion) due to a pleural mesothelioma. An abdominal x-ray may find the cause of the abdominal mesothelioma symptoms.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of structures in the body. With an abdominal ultrasound, you can check for fluid in the abdomen if the doctor suspects a peritoneal mesothelioma. 

Computed tomography (CT)

A CT scan uses 3D X-ray equipment to create three-dimensional images and a cross-section of organs, tissues, bones and blood vessels in the body. A computer converts the pictures into detailed pictures. It is used to determine if mesothelioma is present and to find its location. The computed tomography is the primary imaging test used to evaluate pleural mesothelioma, such as peritoneal. Help the doctor with a biopsy, assess the degree of mesothelioma and see if it has spread, and help decide treatment decisions.

Magnetic resonance

MRI uses strong magnetic and radio frequency waves to create cross-sectional images of organs, tissues, bones and blood vessels. A computer converts images into three-dimensional images. It is used to locate the tumor, determine its rate of progression, and determine treatment (especially if you want to be operated on).

Complete blood count

A complete blood count measures the number and quality of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. It is done to check for problems with platelets and white blood cells. People with mesothelioma may have abnormally high platelet counts (thrombocytosis) and white blood cells (leukocytosis). 

Blood chemistry

These tests measure certain chemicals in the blood. They show how the organs work and can also be used to detect abnormalities. People with mesothelioma may have elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Which is an enzyme, can rise in the blood if there is tissue damage or cancer cells are present. 

Examination of tumor markers

The tumor markers are substances in the blood (usually proteins) that may indicate the presence of mesothelioma. The tests are used to check a person's response to cancer treatment. Tumor markers are not used to diagnose mesothelioma, but elevating their level may help confirm the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. The tumor markers that can be measured in people with mesothelioma are osteopontin and the soluble mesothelin-related peptides ... These markers appear to be sensitive to mesothelioma. However, studies are underway to better define their role in the diagnosis and to evaluate the response to treatment.

Mesothelioma treatment

The mesothelioma treatment is done by cancer specialists (oncologists) who specialize in surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy (medication). These doctors work with the cancer patient to set a treatment plan.

The treatments are designed to meet the unique needs of every cancer patient. The treatment decisions for mesothelioma are based on the following factors: location of the mesothelioma, stage of the cancer. Whether the cancer can be completely removed by surgical (unresectable) symptoms, general health of the person and their age. Mesotheliomas are difficult to treat, as many people are not diagnosed until their disease has progressed and has already spread. Often a combination of treatments is used.

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Mesothelioma Master: Mesothelioma Symptoms
Mesothelioma Symptoms
When signs of the cancer start to arise, the most common mesothelioma symptoms include: Dry cough or wheezing. Shortness of breath or Pain in the chest.
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